Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Biotechnology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 3

Biotechnology - Essay Example In the paper, Dickos (2011) gives a detail record of the foundation of the science behind the different hereditary built creatures. The current administrative structure existing through organizations like FDA is inspected and admonishes that its position to manage new creature drugs (NADs) ought to be completely actualized. The paper analyzes the issues with the current administrative plan in the light of three late models concerning the GE creatures. Beginning with the principal business GE food the Flavr Savr tomato in 1994, people have controlled the hereditary cosmetics of in excess of 60 plants and creatures to present both agronomically useful qualities like infection and vermin obstruction and furthermore for wholesome advantages like altered oil in soybean. While GE living beings opens up incalculable advantages including large scale manufacturing of useful hormones and proteins and expanding the healthy benefit of the item, Dickos (2011) likewise cautions the danger of unint ended impacts of the controlled qualities which can bring about the arrangement of changed metabolites and furthermore wellbeing dangers like poisonousness, ecological hazard and can end up being unsafe for the creature itself. The paper gives the contextual investigation of three GE creatures the GloFish as pet, the ATryn Goat as medication and, the AquAdvantage Salmon as food give prime guides to assessing FDA’s 2009 Guidance and it likewise raises the worry of non-marking of GE items by FDA. Dick likewise gives important suggestion to appropriate administration of advancement and utilization of GE creatures and items. A comparable article about the improvement of hereditarily altered dairy animals to deliver more beneficial milk was accounted for in The Telegraph (2012, June 17) by Richard Gray. Hereditarily changed cow equipped for delivering milk which can be expended even by individuals with lactose narrow mindedness and a second creature whose milk

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Expectation that Romeo and Juliets Love is Doomed Essay Example For Students

Desire that Romeo and Juliets Love is Doomed Essay One motivation behind why Shakespeares work is so fruitful, mainstream and especially around today is that it is written so that makes it speaking to the crowd. The plots are held up by a firm spine of symbolism and cunning scholarly procedures. They are something other than a starting center and end, the entire plot is connected along with expectations and occurrences and everything unwinds all through like a bundle of fleece. One prime case of this is Romeo and Juliet. From the beginning of the play, in the preamble, Shakespeare utilizes language and symbolism to develop the desire that Romeo and Juliets love is damned. Phenomenally, the play starts with disclosing to us that the primary characters are going to begin to look all starry eyed at and execute themselves. We know this since it says, the frightful entry of their passing markd love and a couple of star-crossd darlings end their life. This is a significant picture as individuals in the hour of Shakespeare were eccentric and trusted in crystal gazing. Furthermore, starting with saying they were star-crossed implying that their affection was interwoven with their fate and it said so in the stars, is especially strong for those occasions. This is additionally a connect to when Romeo discovers of Juliets assumed demise and shouts out then I oppose you, stars! With this outcry, Romeo is stating that he opposes predetermination. This picture makes the play fairly cyclic, with it starting with sa ying that it is bound for them to kick the bucket and consummation with Romeo challenging his predetermination, to lose Juliet and simultaneously by ending his own life satisfying it. We will compose a custom exposition on Expectation that Romeo and Juliets Love is Doomed explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now Shakespeare keeps on utilizing symbolism suggesting that affection and disaster are firmly connected. In Romeos discourse about his despondency over Rosaline, he says, love is a smoke made with a smoke of murmurs. This is an allegory and could be stating that affection, similar to smoke, is confounding, mists your judgment, stifles you and could now and again murder you and it is brought about by the primary moans of experiencing passionate feelings for. In spite of the fact that Romeo is alluding to Rosaline this identifies with the idea of his and Juliets love which, obviously at last outcomes in their demise. In this equivalent discourse Romeo says that affection is likewise a stifling nerve, and a saving sweet. This is an oddity and he is stating that however love is recuperating and sweet it can likewise be a toxin. Just as being an expectation of the way that it is love that executes both him and Juliet at long last yet in addition the fact of the matter is taken further by the subtleties that it is a blend that Juliet uses to counterfeit her demise and a toxin that Romeo uses to murder himself with in the tomb. At the point when Romeo and Juliet meet just because Shakespeare keenly utilizes symbolism and the possibility of new love amusingly as the crowd realizes that they are both destined to bite the dust for their affection for each other. In the scene where they meet Shakespeare put a ton of strict symbolism into utilization. Religion recommends church and blessed functions, for example, weddings and memorial services. This is a connect to the way that Romeo and Juliet get hitched and that there are passings in the play. A few instances of this will be this sacred place of worship, delicate sin, for supplications purpose. The religion of that time was Christian and Romeo and Juliet would have been Catholic. The possibility of the Christian religion is that of affection and how Jesus passed on for the love of his dad and of his kin. In doing this he brought individuals of various foundations and assessments together in one firm conviction. In a manner this is an inconspicuous forecast of how Romeo and Juliet pass on for the sake of adoration and rejoin the since a long time ago restricted places of Montague and Capulet. Monk Lawrence is a sacred man which is a connect to the strict symbolism, and he is additionally a specialist in herbs and their uses in elixirs and blends. This is a connection with how Juliet utilizes an elixir to counterfeit her demise and it is this which causes Romeo, on observing her dead, to murder himself, additionally with a toxic blend. In act two scene six, where Romeo and Juliet go to Friar Lawrence to be marry, William Shakespeare utilizes the character of the Friar as a device to depict to the crowd, through symbolism, that their affection will end in disaster. He says these savage pleasures have rough closures. Here the word savage has two implications, when utilized nearby pleasures it suggests that the joy and love is furious and solid, utilizing its passionate importance. Though when it is utilized with closes it gives the impressions of animosity, murder and demise. This is a mystery and along these lines an expectation that in spite of the fact that Romeo and Juli ets love is solid their demise will be unavoidable. Romeo additionally says yet come what distress can implying that he will wed Juliet and love her, whatever transpires. To the crowd this is sensational incongruity as we realize that extraordinary distress will come to pass for them both and carry distress to both their homes. Another of case of symbolism being utilized in Friar Lawrences discourses is not long before this. He says that poison hath home, and medication power implying that in one blossom both recuperating forces and powers to slaughter lie next to each other which connects to a significant topic in the play, that adoration and demise walk inseparably. Monk Lawrence says Now ere the sun advance his consuming eye, the day to cheer, this could be a connect to when Romeo says it is the east, and Juliet is the sun and by saying that the sun lights up the day reflects how the adoration for Romeo for Juliet lights up his life. This is amusing as Juliet is likewise the explanation Romeo ends it all. This symbolism is additionally a continuation of the Astrological symbolism that is so significant for depicting a story put together so immovably with respect to destiny and predetermination. .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043 , .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043 .postImageUrl , .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043 .focused content region { min-tallness: 80px; position: relative; } .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043 , .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043:hover , .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043:visited , .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043:active { border:0!important; } .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043 .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043 { show: square; progress: foundation shading 250ms; webkit-change: foundation shading 250ms; width: 100%; haziness: 1; progress: obscurity 250ms; webkit-progress: murkiness 250ms; foundation shading: #95A5A6; } .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043:active , .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043:hover { darkness: 1; progress: mistiness 250ms; webkit-change: obscurity 250ms; foundation shading: #2C3E50; } .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043 .focused content region { width: 100%; position: rela tive; } .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043 .ctaText { fringe base: 0 strong #fff; shading: #2980B9; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: striking; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; content design: underline; } .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043 .postTitle { shading: #FFFFFF; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: 600; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; width: 100%; } .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043 .ctaButton { foundation shading: #7F8C8D!important; shading: #2980B9; outskirt: none; fringe span: 3px; box-shadow: none; text dimension: 14px; text style weight: intense; line-stature: 26px; moz-fringe range: 3px; content adjust: focus; content embellishment: none; content shadow: none; width: 80px; min-stature: 80px; foundation: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/modules/intelly-related-posts/resources/pictures/straightforward arrow.png)no-rehash; position: outright; right: 0; top: 0; } .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043:hover .ctaButton { foundation shading: #34495E!important; } .uc3c36 dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043 .focused content { show: table; stature: 80px; cushioning left: 18px; top: 0; } .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043-content { show: table-cell; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; cushioning right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-adjust: center; width: 100%; } .uc3c36dbf85a235330dffc761c72b3043:after { content: ; show: square; clear: both; } READ: Elizabeth's guiltlessness EssayWhen Romeo is tested by Tybalt to a duel and won't battle him as they are connected in light of the fact that Romeo wedded Juliet. Mercutio, who is in difference of this, battles Tybalt and is killed. The perishing Words of Mercutio, who is neither Montague nor Capulet, are A plague a both your homes this is a forecast that Romeo and Juliet are going to end their lives as Juliet is of a similar house as Tybalt, Capulet and Romeo is a Montague. When Juliet discovers that Romeo is the person who murdered Tybalt, she talks about him utilizing loads of paradoxical expressions and mysteries, to depict that however Romeo is acceptable and she cherishes him, he has accomplished something horrendous. One conundrum is, o snake heart, covered up with a stream ring face. A few instances of the confusing expressions in the discourse are Beautiful despot, devil angelical, Dove-featherd raven, cursed holy person, respectable scalawag. These portray the way that Romeo is delightful and acceptable and yet he is abhorrent as he seems to be, all things considered, a foe of her family. These pictures additionally mirror the idea of Romeo and Juliets love for each other. On one hand it is a decent and lovely thing, on the other it will eventually lead them both to their less than ideal passings. This is another case of Imagery being utilized to develop the desire that Romeo and Juliet are bound to kick the bucket for adoration. Again the fact of the matter is focused on that for their situation, love and passing walk connected at the hip, indivisibly. At the point when Romeo and Juliet go through their first night together, they likewise spend their last. As Romeo is leaving and Juliet is attempting to convince him to remain, he says to her, communicating his joy subsequent to going through the night with her, let me be executed, I am content, so thou wither have it so He is stating that now he has gone through one night with her he doesnt care in the event that he is gotten and bites the dust for Juliets purpose, it is his adoration for her that makes him state this. Similarly he says, Come, demise, and welcome! Juliet wills it so. Both of these are expectation

Wednesday, July 29, 2020

Is Parkland Pathway the Right Fit for Me

Is Parkland Pathway the Right Fit for Me Let’s find out! Parkland Pathway is perfect for students who are interested in beginning their college experience at Parkland and then transferring to Illinois later. This opportunity is open to Illinois high school graduates as well as students who have received their GED from the state of Illinois. Please note that current and former University of Illinois students are unable to apply for this program. These are the benefits of enrolling in the Parkland Pathway program: Personalized academic advising from both Parkland and IllinoisAccess to Illinois courses at a prorated discountThe ability to access Illinois resources (such as our transit system, recreation centers, student housing, etc.)Guaranteed admission to Illinois as long as all requirements are fulfilled Here are a few more things you need to know about Parkland Pathway: 1. How to Apply The Parkland College application was available beginning September 1. The Parkland Pathway application opened March 5 and is due April 15 along with supporting materials.Be sure to accept or decline your offer prior to May 1 (or, if you receive your decision after April 15, within 2 weeks). Items to submit to the University of Illinois: Parkland Pathway application, submitted through your myIllini accountSelf-reported high school courses/gradesSelf-reported or official ACT/SAT scoresEssay Items to submit to Parkland College: Parkland College applicationOfficial high school transcriptOfficial ACT/SAT scoresAP/IB scoresCollege assessments 2. Majors Several majors and concentrations are available for Parkland Pathway students. You can see the full list here. 3. Financial Aid Financial aid is awarded by Parkland College while the student is enrolled in Parkland Pathway. After transferring to Illinois, financial aid will be awarded through Illinois. 4. Admitted Next Steps If youve been admitted into the Parkland Pathway program, be sure to check out your next steps for enrollment. You may also want to review the program requirements, including semester review, how to stay in good standing, changing your major, and withdrawing from the program. I hope this clears up some of the questions you might have had about Parkland Pathway. If youd like more information, please call or email our office.You can also leave a comment below, and I’ll get back to you as soon as possible! Brian Assistant Director, Undergraduate Admissions I'm here to help high school students and their families navigate the college search process. An Illinois alumnus (LAS ’02), I had the honor to play football for the Orange and Blue.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Honesty And Integrity At Arthur Andersen - 1814 Words

Arthur Andersen From Honesty to Fraud At the end of 2001, the reputation of honesty and integrity at Arthur Andersen LLP plummeted to the bottom. The public trust in their ability to perform independent and trustworthy audits had completely vanished. The firm, which for centuries had been a leader in setting audit standards, was now indicted with obstructing of justice when it became known how much knowledge Arthur Andersen had of the wrongdoings at Enron as well as the destruction of papers to the paper trail. One after one, clients of the firm, started to leave while the partners at Andersen searched for solutions to their problems. In the beginning, long before Arthur Andersen LLP became one of the largest audit firms with 85 thousand employees all over the world and 28 thousand in US , the founder of the firm; Arthur Andersen refused to approve a deviating transaction in purpose of inflating profit, while working with a local train company in 1914. Arthur Andersen replied that there was not enough money in the city of Chicago to make him agree to it, even though it put him at risk of going bankrupt. Another famous story of the firm’s integrity is one about a young accountant who recounted 900 thousand bricks three times when the inventory said it should be a million. The owner at the brickyard was furious at first when confronted with the discrepancy. The diligent work though, led to the discovery of an inside job where one of the managers was stealing bricks atShow MoreRelatedEnron Corporation: An Electivity and Natural Gas Company1621 Words   |  7 Pagestheir jobs and lost their life savings that they had invested in Enron’s shares. Soon after Enron collapsed, Arthur Andersen, a well respected accounting firm that was also one of the big five accounting firms at the time, was found guilty of obstruction of justice after David Duncan, the lead partner of Enron audit engagement, agreed to testify against his former employer, Arthur Andersen. After Kenneth Lay was appointed the chair and the CEO of Enron, he quickly adapted an aggressive innovativeRead MoreThe Ethics Of The Accounting Profession1210 Words   |  5 Pagesthat one learns as a result of their childhood upbringing and culture. Morals differ from ethics as morals are personal in nature; on the other hand, ethical standards must be same for everyone. Virtues are positive character traits such as integrity and honesty, which a person develops over time. Moral and ethics are classified as good and bad, while laws are categorized as right or wrong. A person’s ethical beliefs not only influence their decisions on a day-to-day basis, they also influence businessRead MoreManagement Planning- Arthur Anderson1299 Words   |  6 Pagesmanagement within Arthur Andersen. Specifically, the paper will discuss at least one legal, ethical, and social responsibility issue that impacts Arthur Andersen. Additionally, this paper will analyze the impact these factors h ave on Arthur Andersen’s management planning. Finally, this paper will analyze at least three factors that influence Arthur Andersen’s strategic, tactical, operational, and contingency planning. The firm of Arthur Andersen LLP was founded in 1913 by Arthur Andersen and ClarenceRead MoreEthics And A New Accountants Perspective On Enron1217 Words   |  5 Pagesone learns as a result of their childhood upbringing and culture. Morals differ from ethics because morals are personal in nature; on the other hand, ethical standards must be same for everyone. Virtues are positive character traits such as integrity and honesty, which a person develops over time. Moral and ethics are classified as good and bad, while laws are categorized as right or wrong. A person’s ethical beliefs not only influence their decisions on a day-to-day basis, they also influence businessRead MoreThe Ethics Of The Accounting Profession1204 Words   |  5 Pagesone learns as a result of their childhood upbringing and culture. Morals differ from ethics because morals are personal in nature; on the other hand, ethical standards must be same for everyone. Virtues are positive character traits su ch as integrity and honesty, which a person develops over time. Moral and ethics are classified as good and bad, while laws are categorized as right or wrong. A person’s ethical beliefs not only influence their decisions on a day-to-day basis, they also influence businessRead MoreManagement Planning of Arthur Anderson Essay1284 Words   |  6 Pagesmanagement within Arthur Andersen. Specifically, the paper will discuss at least one legal, ethical, and social responsibility issue that impacts Arthur Andersen. Additionally, this paper will analyze the impact these factors have on Arthur Andersen’s management planning. Finally, this paper will analyze at least three factors that influence Arthur Andersen’s strategic, tactical, operational, and contingency planning. 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The mission and core values that were touted by Arthur Andersen were violated byRead MoreEnron And The Enron Scandal847 Words   |  4 PagesThe Enron scandal, discovered in October 2001, eventually led to the bankruptcy of the Enron Corporation, an American energy company based mostly in Houston, Texas, and also the dissolution of Arthur Andersen, that was one amongst the 5 largest audit and accounting partnerships within the world. Additionally, to being the most important bankruptcy reorganization in American history at that point, Enron without doubt is the biggest audit failure. it s ever the fore most notable company within theRead MoreEnron And The Enron Corporation2203 Words   |  9 Pagesthe accounting world were enacted. The 2001 scandal involved two parties: Enron Corporation, a U.S. energy commodities firm, and their auditors Arthur Andersen, LLP, currently a U.S. holding company and formerly one of the â€Å"Big 5† U.S. accounting firms. When the scandal broke, Enron was one of the most innovative companies in the world and Arthur Andersen was the biggest professional services company in the world; so, when both companies fell, it completely changed the world of Accounting. The EnronRead MoreRise Fall of Arthur Andersen, LLP1016 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿ March 4, 2014 Rise Fall of Arthur Andersen, LLP Abstract Enron was a natural gas company that was formed in 1985 by Kenneth Lay. By 1992, Enron was the largest selling company of natural gas in North America. In October 2001 a scandal involving Enron was emerging. This scandal led to the fall of the company. The Enron case and many others cases led to the collapse of other companies that did business with them which included one

Saturday, May 9, 2020

The Data Breach At Opm - 1297 Words

The Data Breach at OPM The research paper will take an in-depth view of the current cyber threat and will explore the current efforts taken by the United States in combating the rapidly growing cyber threat. The research conducted will revolve around recent piece of legislation that are said to be the answer to combating cyber-crime. This paper will also look at past efforts and explore their failure and compare with the new piece of legislation to see if it will actually be effective. There are many cyber security techniques which have been implemented in the attempt to thwart the threat and have failed, what makes this approach different. The complexity of cyber-crime presents a major challenge because of the range of adversaries that are capable of executing an attack. Cyber-security has become one of the Nation’s leading concerns, President Obama identified this issue as one of the greatest challenges the nation faces. Though this might seem a little dramatic a report done by the Secret Service, who leads the Electronics Crimes Task Force reported a net loss of about $250 billion a year and rising (McAfee, 2009). Gen. Keith Alexander the director of the National Security Agency and oversees U.S. Cyber Command, who leads the efforts in combatting cybercrime stated cyberattacks are causing the greatest transfer of wealth in history. He also stated that cost of cybercrime has reached is $1 trillion, and urges congress to expand Americas efforts on Cyber defenseShow MoreRelatedData Breaches At The U.s. Office Of Personnel Management Essay1594 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction The data breaches at the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) comprised of two likely connected and possibly coordinated incidents to obtain sensitive information of 4.2 million former and current government employees and security background information of 21.5 million individuals starting in July 2012 through 2015. This first report will provide information that describes the attack origin on how attackers gain access into the OPM infrastructure, the action performed, the assetsRead MoreInformation Security Management And Maintenance887 Words   |  4 PagesASSESSMENT OF BREACH There were a number of factors that contributed to the breach, which had they been addressed or had corresponding mitigation responses in place, would have reduced the likelihood that the breach would have taken place, or at a minimum reduce the impact of the attack. These items range from policy related issues, technology implementations, and security management and maintenance. Although I believe a number of these areas were in the process of being addressed, based onRead MoreData Breach At The U.s. Office Of Personnel Management Essay1600 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction The data breach at the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) comprised of two likely connected and possibly coordinated incidents to obtain sensitive information of 4.2 million current and former government employees and security background information of 21.5 million individuals starting in July 2012 through 2015. This first report will provide information that describes the attack origin on how attackers gain access into the OPM infrastructure, the action performed, the assetsRead MoreFice Of Personnel Management Essay1715 Words   |  7 Pagesus. We read and see some organization somewhere had been breached and sensitive data stolen almost daily as the norm in this modern era. Well known big named organizations private and public alike have been hacked, violated and their priced information stolen in the virtual world. This paper examines the Office of Personnel Management (OPM)’s widely reported data breach and the mismanagement leading up to the breach. Explains how adhering to the fundamental principles of security practice: theRead MoreThe Federal Government1588 Words   |  7 PagesBy exposing important data and other information not only can put the United States as a whole in jeopardy, but the people who live in the United States would be affected as individuals too. Since such information is on file it is crucial that it be protected, in order to do so the best technology and employees are needed to ensure so. The Office of Personnel Management manages all polices that are created to support Federal human resources department (Gallagher). The OPM also oversees the classificationRead MoreThe United States Office Of Personnel Management1261 Words   |  6 PagesManagement (OPM) announced on June 4th, 2015 that hackers had intruded into its network to exfiltrate the personnel records of 4.2 million current and former government employees (Bisson). On June 23rd, FBI Director James Corney confirmed the OPM breach was much worse than originally thought, in total 21.5 million people were compromised. Information Security experts warn that this breach could threaten the United States’ national security for generations. It is important to study how the breach occurredRead MoreMy Support For Strong Encryption868 Words   |  4 Pagesinformation warehoused at the Office of Personal Management (OPM). The petition request that the government not erode the security of our personal devices, use hidden code within applications, pressure companies to keep and allow government access to data collected, mandate implementation of vulnerabilities or backdoors into products, or have disproportionate access to the keys to private data. This information is normally redirected back to the OPM and stored on their servers which could be hacked by individualsRead MoreProactive Incident Response : The Way Forward1348 Words   |  6 PagesProactive Incident Response: The Way Forward Any organization is critically dependent on data to perform its functions. Security breaches resulting from malicious code attacks, denial of service, employee negligence and theft, unauthorized access, policy violations, (ROCHA, 2012) and vendor leaks and mistakes, are on the ascendancy. Symantec reported a total of nine mega breaches in 2015, which indicated an alarming 429 million exposed identities (Cyber Security Incident Response: Shifting fromRead MoreA Documentary By Admiral Vern Essay1308 Words   |  6 PagesMission of the Office of Personnel Management The Office of Personnel Management also known as OPM, is an agency of the United States government that manages the civil service of the federal government. According to the website, they â€Å"conduct background checks, defend merits for the federal civil service, and they manage pension benefits for retired federal employees and their families† (OPM, 2016). OPM is an agency that delivers advantages to employ people with talent, and train them to achieve theirRead MoreSocial Security Case Study735 Words   |  3 Pagesof 1.1 million. The infringement of information would have a bearing on twenty-two million individuals that comprised confidential personal data which contained dates and places of birth, home addresses, and social security numbers. This for the government of the United States of America went down as one of the worst cyber-attacks ever (Lee, 2015). The OPM attack trail pointed to the country of China even though its government bureaucrats denied any participation in the conjunction associated with

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Why Not Have Physician Assisted Suicide Free Essays

During the course of the past 20 years, many people are starting to here more and more situations about people participating in physician-assisted suicide. The fact of the matter is that people are starting to believe that they have the right to control their own life and death decisions. After you begin to think about physician-assisted suicide, and bring in all the facts, it becomes clear that it should be allowed in our society if it is used properly. We will write a custom essay sample on Why Not Have Physician Assisted Suicide or any similar topic only for you Order Now Many people question the pure definition of physician-assisted suicide. According to the University of Washington School of Medicine, â€Å"physician-assisted suicide refers to the physician providing the means for death, most often with a prescription, in which the patient administers the medication† (Ethics in Medicine). As of 1997 the State of Oregon was the only state that utilize legalized physician-assisted suicide. Some people argue whether this practice is ethical to use today in our society. One strong reason why this should be done is because it is a good choice for people who are suffering unbearably. At times many physicians believe that it is their duty to relieve these people of their problems. One of the most famous arguments in favor of physician -assisted suicide is the story by Timothy Quill, and his patient â€Å"Diane†. Diane was a woman who was diagnosed with leukemia; from the beginning she refused the aggressive treatment. â€Å"She then requested a prescription of barbiturates that could be used to end her life if she determined that her suffering had become unbearable† (Annals of Internal Medicine). Diane was enrolled in a hospice program, many months passed but she began to feel a lot of pain, and fatigue. She used the barbiturates that her doctor gave her and ended her life. This was a very good case in favor of the practice because this woman was in serious pain, and the best solution was to end her life. Another example of a physician-assisted suicide incident that attracted some attention on the issue occurred with a 37-year-old woman named â€Å"BB†. This woman had a â€Å"serious stroke and soon after she became quadriplegic and unable to speak† (Annals of Internal Medicine). She spent many days learning to communicate with others around her by using a special computer. â€Å"Finding her life quality of life intolerable, she repeatedly communicated a wish to die† (Annals of Internal Medicine). She underwent some psychiatric counseling, and they agreed that she had the ability to do her own decision-making. So the staff â€Å"took away all of her artificial nutrition and hydration, and only provided comfort and care until she passed away soon after† (Annals of Internal Medicine). BB, like Diane, was also a prime example of a patient that was in need of physician-assisted suicide; she could no longer go through life the way she was and all she wanted was to die. Many of these patients bring up some important arguments for their reasons in which they have the right to use physician-assisted suicide. The University of Washington School of Medicine states that there are many arguments in favor of physician -assisted suicide or (PAS). The first of the four arguments in favor of PAS is the respect for autonomy of the patient. This means that the decisions about the circumstances for death are very personal. â€Å"They also state that a competent person should have the right to choose death†(Ethics in Medicine). The next argument for PAS is regarding to â€Å"justice. † â€Å"Justice requires that we treat like cases alike. Competent, terminally ill patients are allowed to hasten death by treatment refusal. For some patients, treatment refusal will not suffice to hasten death, and the only option is suicide. Justice requires that we should allow assisted death for these patients† (Ethics in Medicine). The third argument is the issue of compassion, according to the University of Washington School of Medicine. They explain that it is not always possible to relieve suffering, and PAS may be a compassionate response to that suffering of the Patients. The Individual liberty vs. state interest is one of the strongest arguments for PAS. A complete elimination of assisted death limits personal liberty of the individual. This is one of the main concerns about PAS, people believe that it is their body, and they should have the right to do what ever they feel is necessary. These are common arguments that have been used by patients and physicians all over the country. People against the issue of PAS debate many of these arguments and have come up with their own scenarios on the issue. Some common arguments against the PAS are â€Å"when you take a human life, it is morally wrong because of a certain religion† (Ethics In Medicine). Another argument is that some medical doctors like to maintain their professional integrity and are opposed to taking human life. Herbert Hendin states in his article â€Å"Selling Death and Dignity†, that † We should not buy into the view that those who are engulfed by fear of death or by suicidal despair that death is a preferred solution to the problems of illness, age, and depression†(Hendin 78). These arguments that are stated against physician-assisted suicide don’t seem to be strong enough to turn my feelings away from the idea that it is justified. In response to Hendin’s statement, he has no idea of all the pain and suffering that is happening to people, and what they go through. Religion is also an argument that doesn’t make much sense to me. The right thing to do if a patient is suffering from a serious illness or basically living on a â€Å"plug†, is to give them the opportunity to die the way they want and not worry about whether it is morally right, according to a religion. Also the argument made on behalf of some doctors, â€Å"that it harms their professional integrity† is also false. These ill patients think of their doctors as relieving them from pain and suffering. â€Å"Death is not caused by the withdraw of treatment from the physician, but by the underlying disease†(Annals of Medicine). Therefore, these ill patients are going to die either way, so the doctors shouldn’t feel that it is unprofessional to end a patient’s life if it is requested. One reason why people don’t want to let the PAS practice legalized is because they cannot find a certain policy to use it under. Physician-assisted suicide is debated upon regularly today and does not seem to be allowed in most states. One reason for this is because If it is legalized and it doesn’t have restrictions, there will be cases in which people will be going to the doctor to end their life for poor reasons. This form of PAS is unacceptable and that is why there should be a strict policy on the issue. If a patient goes to a doctor and asked for this procedure to be done, the physicians most look into the law on physician-assisted suicide. This policy should state that the practice can only be done if the patient has a serious illness, that is life threatening and undergoing massive amounts of pain, or lost some form of physical and mental abilities, from an illness such as a stroke. Another thing that would be included in this policy is that the patient requesting the practice must undergo some sort of psychiatric counseling to see whether he or she is in the right mind set for the procedure. This is important part of the policy, because PAS shouldn’t be performed if the patient is suffering only from some sort of depression. This policy will sort out the people who need the PAS and those who really don’t need it. This type of policy on physician-assisted suicide should be acted on in our government. Far too many people suffer, lying in hospital beds, wishing for an answer to their problems. They have lived a long enough, suffered physically, and emotionally, as â€Å"Diane† did in Timothy E. Quill’s article â€Å"Death and Dignity: A Case of Individualized Decision Making. † â€Å"We have measures to help control pain and lesson suffering, to think that people do not suffer in the process of dying is an allusion†(Quill 70), so we should not let this suffering continue on for people, and give them the choice to end their lives if they feel that is what they want. How to cite Why Not Have Physician Assisted Suicide, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Integration And Animal Farm By Orwell Essays - Segregation

Integration And Animal Farm By Orwell Derrick Robicheaux Auditing 11:00-11:50 Integration of Education in the United States Throughout history, education is recognized as one of the key components of any civilized society. It is a natural instinct for man to learn, and feel the need to pass on that knowledge to their young and to all those who come behind them. People have a passion for education, and will fight for the opportunity to gain the valuable knowledge that education provides. The importance of education in a society is illustrated in two aspects. The first being the actual events in American history regarding the desegregation of schools, and the second being the action of the animals in George Orwell's Animal Farm upon receiving their liberation on Manor Farm. In recent times we have witnessed a struggle in American society for the opportunity of minorities to realize the education that their white counterparts received. It began with slavery, when blacks were prohibited from obtaining even the basic skills to read and write. When blacks were finally allowed this liberty, we began our own makeshift schools, and were content with this opportunity. As time progressed, and more formal schools were established, minorities realized that they were not receiving the same quality education as those of the majority. This sparked a legal battle that lasted over fifty years. The first landmark was the case of Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896. It established the doctrine of separate but equal. This concept stated that separate public facilities of equal quality do not violate the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution. This amendment says that no state may abridge the privileges of any citizen, nor may any state deprive any citizen of life, liberty, or property without due process of the law. In 1954, fifty-eight years later, the Case of Brown v. the Board of Education of Topeka finally settled the debate of whether or not blacks and whites can receive an education integrated with or separate from each other. This time the Supreme Court unanimously ruled to overturn the Plessy v. Ferguson decision. In his opinion, the Chief Justice wrote, We conclude that, in the field of public education, the doctrine of separate but equal has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. The Brown case signaled the end of segregation of public places mandated by law. Once the Brown decision was handed down, the African-American community, along with progressive white Americans, placed sufficient pressure on the legal and political system to bring an end to state-supported segregation in all public facilities. Forty-six years removed from the Brown v. Board of Education decision formally desegregated public schools, African-American youth have made enormous progress in high school completion, in better test scores, in greater college enrollment, in obtaining college degrees and in careers. The endless stream of negative statistics tends to overshadow the individual accomplishments of those who found their way around the barriers and through the closed doors. The statistics support these positives. In 1967, the U.S. Census found that 54% of African-Americans between the ages of 25 and 29 had completed high school. By 1987, this number had risen to 83%. African-Americans also made some progress on achievement tests given by the National Achievement Education Program. Their reading scores had risen from 238 in 1971 to 274 in 1991. African-American student scores have risen on the SATs also, while other ethnic group scores have either lagged or remained unchanged. A few years back there was a decline in the numbers of African-Americans attending college, but that has turned around, particularly among women. These statistics are encouraging, but there are other facts that cannot be ignored. First, while African-American educational attainment has improved, the amount of education needed to have a real chance in life has grown even more. Second, general trends do not reflect how really awful education conditions are in some schools, in some regions, and for some groups, including African-Americans in urban areas. Third, the gap between white and African-American achievement remains substantial. There are still issues regarding the equality of education still today. There have been demographic changes, not only the flight of the white middle class to the suburbs after the Brown